数据:2014年美国按州和地区分布工会参与情况

 

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注:上图中蓝色柱状图为各州雇员总数,黄色柱状图为各州工会会员总数,红色区域为各州工会会员参与率,颜色越深则代表该州工会会员参与率越高。

2014年美国按州分布工会参与情况(参会率排序)
州名 雇员总数(千) 工会会员数(千) 参会率(%) 集体合同覆盖人数(千) 集体合同覆盖率(%)
New York 8,060 1,980 24.6 2,081 25.8
Alaska 307 70 22.8 75 24.4
Hawaii 572 124 21.8 131 22.9
Washington 2,914 491 16.8 536 18.4
New Jersey 3,860 635 16.5 664 17.2
California 15,135 2,472 16.3 2,652 17.5
Oregon 1,554 243 15.6 264 17
Illinois 5,500 831 15.1 880 16
Rhode Island 453 68 15.1 72 15.8
Connecticut 1,564 231 14.8 245 15.7
Michigan 4,028 585 14.5 631 15.7
Nevada 1,173 169 14.4 192 16.4
Minnesota 2,538 360 14.2 380 15
Massachusetts 3,036 415 13.7 445 14.7
Montana 414 52 12.7 57 13.8
Pennsylvania 5,525 703 12.7 754 13.7
Ohio 4,958 615 12.4 688 13.9
Maryland 2,612 310 11.9 347 13.3
Wisconsin 2,626 306 11.7 327 12.5
Vermont 286 32 11.1 37 13.1
Kentucky 1,714 189 11 219 12.8
Maine 566 62 11 71 12.5
Alabama 1,887 204 10.8 228 12.1
Indiana 2,802 299 10.7 335 12
Iowa 1,459 156 10.7 184 12.6
West Virginia 687 73 10.6 80 11.6
Delaware 384 38 9.9 43 11.3
New Hampshire 626 62 9.9 72 11.5
Colorado 2,328 221 9.5 250 10.7
District of Columbia 325 28 8.6 35 10.7
Missouri 2,559 214 8.4 249 9.7
Kansas 1,287 95 7.4 116 9
Nebraska 877 64 7.3 79 9
Wyoming 255 17 6.7 19 7.5
Oklahoma 1,465 89 6 106 7.2
Florida 8,042 455 5.7 561 7
New Mexico 763 43 5.7 56 7.4
Arizona 2,593 138 5.3 173 6.7
Idaho 641 34 5.3 43 6.7
Louisiana 1,834 96 5.2 118 6.4
North Dakota 353 18 5 24 6.9
Tennessee 2,514 127 5 141 5.6
South Dakota 363 18 4.9 22 6
Virginia 3,665 179 4.9 228 6.2
Texas 11,205 543 4.8 700 6.2
Arkansas 1,108 52 4.7 60 5.4
Georgia 3,926 170 4.3 193 4.9
Mississippi 1,028 38 3.7 46 4.5
Utah 1,236 46 3.7 57 4.6
South Carolina 1,884 41 2.2 61 3.2
North Carolina 3,936 76 1.9 126 3.2

 

2014年美国按主要城市群分布工会参与情况(参会率前50)
城市群 雇员数(千) 会员数(千) 集体合同覆盖人数(千) 参会率(%) 集体合同覆盖率(%)
Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY 419,270 156,636 169,051 37.4 40.3
Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY 206,510 63,982 65,204 31.0 31.6
Atlantic City, NJ 138,294 41,557 44,765 30.0 32.4
Duluth, MN-WI 100,271 29,971 29,971 29.9 29.9
Ocean City, NJ 22,489 6,524 6,524 29.0 29.0
El Centro, CA 78,286 22,410 23,524 28.6 30.0
San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles, CA 92,183 25,909 25,909 28.1 28.1
Vallejo-Fairfield, CA 193,399 52,690 53,716 27.2 27.8
Modesto, CA 226,492 61,381 78,164 27.1 34.5
Binghamton, NY 103,642 27,959 28,909 27.0 27.9
Colorado Springs, CO 242,838 65,436 68,119 26.9 28.1
Bremerton-Silverdale, WA 79,141 19,843 20,734 25.1 26.2
Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY 489,178 122,252 124,348 25.0 25.4
Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ 71,621 17,465 18,608 24.4 26.0
Olympia, WA 131,236 31,351 33,998 23.9 25.9
Merced, CA 102,351 24,324 27,022 23.8 26.4
Visalia-Porterville, CA 121,955 29,017 29,017 23.8 23.8
Utica-Rome, NY 98,497 22,107 22,107 22.4 22.4
Springfield, IL 92,896 20,541 21,539 22.1 23.2
Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA 339,367 74,659 78,389 22.0 23.1
Johnstown, PA 71,680 15,592 15,592 21.8 21.8
Jackson, MI 100,939 21,597 27,686 21.4 27.4
New York-Newark-Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA 8,650,118 1,841,900 1,938,694 21.3 22.4
Syracuse, NY 251,829 53,698 55,088 21.3 21.9
New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA 8,227,311 1,737,492 1,829,519 21.1 22.2
Leominster-Fitchburg-Gardner, MA 64,772 13,521 13,521 20.9 20.9
Stockton, CA 316,750 66,316 68,437 20.9 21.6
Sacramento–Arden-Arcade-Roseville, CA 825,040 171,353 191,255 20.8 23.2
Decatur, IL 113,485 23,432 23,432 20.6 20.6
Honolulu, HI 440,166 89,333 95,493 20.3 21.7
Kingston, NY 87,146 17,677 20,045 20.3 23.0
Saginaw-Saginaw Township North, MI 67,067 13,565 14,410 20.2 21.5
Racine, WI 88,968 17,633 19,059 19.8 21.4
Springfield, MA-CT 290,588 57,507 63,665 19.8 21.9
Riverside-San Bernardino, CA 1,506,263 291,766 311,985 19.4 20.7
Kankakee-Bradley, IL 72,076 13,914 14,960 19.3 20.8
Erie, PA 113,687 21,742 21,742 19.1 19.1
Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV 59,589 11,238 11,409 18.9 19.1
Lansing-East Lansing, MI 181,920 34,408 37,528 18.9 20.6
Monroe, MI 134,026 24,906 24,906 18.6 18.6
Fresno-Madera, CA 418,813 77,566 82,653 18.5 19.7
Toledo, OH 270,036 49,940 50,903 18.5 18.9
Madera, CA 76,805 14,097 14,097 18.4 18.4
Eugene-Springfield, OR 126,275 23,036 24,148 18.2 19.1
Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA 185,323 33,791 34,827 18.2 18.8
Fresno, CA 350,305 63,469 68,556 18.1 19.6
Rockford, IL 140,804 25,501 25,501 18.1 18.1
Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH 193,647 34,903 44,051 18.0 22.7
Barnstable Town, MA 70,385 12,564 14,702 17.9 20.9
Bloomington, IN 147,342 26,205 27,201 17.8 18.5

 

来源:www.bls.gov/www.unionstats.com
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公众号:美国劳动法观察

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